Author Topic: What Is Migraine?  (Read 3149 times)

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poor me

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What Is Migraine?
« on: August 03, 2006, 05:05:37 AM »
Migraine is the most common cause of recurrent disabling headache.

1) What Is Migraine?

Migraine is a syndrome characterized by

• periodic headaches with complete resolution between attacks
• an attack may be composed of the following stages:

A. Prodrome - Change in mood
(Depression, unusual energy), Coldness or
warmth ,increased or decreasd appetite.

B. Aura - visual disturbance, motor or sensory disturbance

C. Headache - is often pulsatile and unilateral
lasts 4-72 hr, often less in children

D. There may be associated symptoms- nausea and vomiting
sensitivity to light
sensitivity to sound

In common migraine there is no aura, whereas in classical migraine there is an aura.

2) How to Treat?

Migraine can be treated, But cant be cured.

1.) Identifying and avoiding trigger factors.
examples of possible trigger factors include :

a. long distance travel
b. loud noise
c. bright lights
d. missing meals
e. strenuous unaccustomed exercise
f. too much or too little sleep
g. emotional stress and anxiety
h. extremes of weather (e.g. very hot or cold, strong winds)
i. in about 20% a foodstuff may be a trigger factor for migraine

2.) Regular sleep and dietary measures:

a. sleep can aid recovery
b. keep regular mealtimes
c. avoidance of trigger factors

3.) Drugs :

a. soluble aspirin 600-900 mg - adults (not for Children <16)
b. paracetamol 1 g – adults
c. ibuprofen 1.2- 1.6 g daily in divided doses

These are best taken early in the attack when absorption may be least inhibited by gastric stasis.

poor me

  • Guest
Re: What Is Migraine?
« Reply #1 on: August 07, 2006, 06:49:38 PM »
    :?  Here I m gonna  add more about migraine. coz  all we have poor knowledge about  migraine.   this is from bbc.


    Migraine, a debilitating condition characterised by severe headaches and a range of other physical symptoms, affects approximately 10% of the UK population. A majority of sufferers are women, half of whom relate their migraine attacks to their hormonal cycle.

What is migraine?

There are two types:

Migraine without an aura (common migraine)

This consists of a severe, throbbing headache, usually located on one side, with abdominal symptoms including loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, dislike of food, constipation or diarrhoea. This affects about nine out of 10 sufferers.

Sufferers may also experience sensitivity to smell, light and noise, which leads them to rest in a quiet, darkened room.

Migraine with aura (classical migraine)

The headache is preceded by visual disturbances such as flashing lights, zig zag lines and blind spots, or tingling limbs.

The average length of a migraine attack is 22 hours and sufferers generally feel washed out for another one to two days afterwards.

The average number of attacks per sufferer is 13 per year.

What causes migraine?

The exact reason why migraine occurs is unknown. However, research suggests that attacks are linked to chemical changes in the body and that blood vessels and certain nerve cells in the head are involved.

These changes appear to be triggered in susceptible people by stress.

Other triggers are:

 Physical fatigue or lack of sleep
 Too much sleep
 Certain foods such as cheese and alcohol
 Extreme emotions
 Missed meals
 Hormonal factors, such as use of the contraceptive pill and   periods

What treatment is available?

The most common medicines for treating an attack are painkillers such as aspirin or paracetamol.

Some medicines also have an anti-sickness ingredient, or this can be taken separately.

If over-the-counter treatments do not help there are medicines available on prescription, which are specifically for migraine.

These acute treatments, known as triptans, work in a similar way to a naturally occurring brain chemical called serotonin which is in short supply during a migraine attack.

They are available in a range of formulations, such as tablets, injections and a nasal spray.

Preventive treatments, in the form of tablets taken every day, may be given to patients experiencing four or more migraine attacks per month.

However, since these medications seldom completely banish attacks an acute treatment should be close to hand to treat those attacks that still occur.

Is advice available?

This page contains basic information. If you are concerned about your health, you should consult a doctor.