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තොරතුරු ඉසව්ව - information centre => තාස්සණික විත්ති | tech news => Topic started by: Sachitha on August 06, 2005, 02:28:33 PM

Title: Apple's Tiger vs. Windows Vista
Post by: Sachitha on August 06, 2005, 02:28:33 PM
When Windows Vista ships in late 2006, Windows will mimic many features of Apple's Tiger and go beyond it.

But while Microsoft introduces the world to Vista, Apple is keeping mum about its next version of Mac OS X, which Steve Jobs has said will ship at about the same time as Vista.

It is the Intel-ready Leopard, not Tiger, that will be Apple's answer to Windows Vista.

User Interface

With the first Vista beta, Microsoft seems to have taken many cues from Mac OS X with the user interface and features, right down to some of the terminology.

Even some of Vista's icons are amazingly similar to those in Tiger.

For instance, there's the interface names, Apple's Aqua and Microsoft's Aero.

In Vista, "My Documents" and "My Computer" are now "Computer" and "Documents," as they are in Mac OS X.

The search icon in the Vista beta is almost identical to Tiger's Spotlight icon, except that the magnifying glass turns the other way.

Vista buttons and other interface details have a shiny bulbous look similar to those in Mac OS X.

The more-advanced Aero Glass option uses translucent window title bars, a handy feature of Mac OS X that Apple dropped with Panther, but is still used in the Dock.

Vista does, however, have some nice touches that Tiger doesn't. Vista places previews of documents right on file icons. These are more sophisticated than the thumbnails that Photoshop creates, as they update as the file is changed. Tiger can display previews of graphic files, but not text-based files.

Vista's folders display a representation of the type of files inside. Dialog boxes for saving files and other tasks use these thumbnails. Tiger does not have the ability to automatically display thumbnails on folder icons.

The Vista icons and previews are scalable to different sizes and can scale up to 128 by 128 pixels.

File Management and Searching

Many of Vista's file management features will be familiar to Tiger users, but Vista goes further in file management techniques.

Vista folder windows have a search-as-you-type search field, a feature that Mac OS X has had since Jaguar in 2002, but which became dramatically faster in Tiger with the Spotlight search engine.

Spotlight also added the searching of the contents of various types of files and e-mail messages, as well as searching on metadata.

Vista's search engine can do all of this as well, and lets you add metadata in Windows Explorer.

You can add metadata in Tiger, using the Spotlight field in the Get Info window, but Vista offers multiple fields for keywords, rating, project and others.

Vista also borrows Tiger's Smart folders, calling them Virtual Folders. This feature automatically creates shortcut files based on criteria set by the user and places them in a folder. (Tiger's Smart Folder does this with aliases.)

Vista adds the idea of stacks, where files that use a certain keyword are listed. When you add a file to the stack, the keyword is automatically added to the stack.

Vista will also have file management features that neither Tiger nor Windows XP has. A new backup system will record incremental changes to a file and copy them to a protected area.

One of the useful features that Mac OS X has always had is that PDF is built into its core.

PDF is used for displaying and printing files, and Mac OS X has the ability to turn any document created by any application into a PDF file.

With Windows Vista, Microsoft will attempt to do the same, but not with PDF.

Vista will use a new universal format called Metro, based on XML, for viewing and printing files. The aim is consistency of documents on screen and in print.

This is something that Mac OS has always been superior to Windows, even before Mac OS X. It remains to be seen how successful Metro will be.


Windows Vista will be superior to Tiger in terms of networking, mostly because Windows is a better client for Microsoft servers.

Part of this is Microsoft's fault, such as the lack of support of the MAPI protocol in Exchange Server. But Apple has been slow to include Microsoft authentication protocols and support for Active Directory, which first showed up in Panther and then Tiger.

Even now, incompatibilities and glitches persist, even with basic file sharing.

Vista has some new networking features, such as the ability to send presentation to connect to a project on the network, which isn't found in Tiger.

Microsoft is also promising the ability to access applications and desktops over the Internet without a virtual private network.

Tiger also doesn't have Vista's purported built-in support for "social networking" technologies, which include Weblogs, RSS, and Wikis.

Although Tiger's Safari Web browser supports RSS, Vista will have RSS embedded in the core of the OS, so that any application could potentially take advantage of it should a developer decide to do so.

An application could not only subscribe to RSS feeds, but could include RSS browsing and searching, ordering and sorting—in short, a method of managing data.

Like Panther and Tiger, Windows Vista will support (IPv6) Internet Protocol Version 6.


Certainly, Windows is a target of more malware than is Mac OS X, and security in Vista is more sophisticated than in Tiger.

For instance, Internet Explorer 7 will run in a Vista "containment area" called Low-Rights mode that will attempt to keep worms and spyware out of Windows.

Malware simply won't have the privileges needed to write files or change the Registry. There will also be anti-phishing techniques employed.

Vista will support laptops with Trusted Platform Module chips, which creates a secure boot that protects hardware and applications from being run by unauthorized users or by malicious software.

Both Vista and Tiger have the ability to automatically encrypt all data on the hard disk.

Vista and the Outlook on Leopard

Apple's market share has jumped 37 percent in the past year to 4.5 percent of the PC market, still small by Microsoft standards, but significant for Apple's bottom line.

Hardware with the familiar Intel inside is likely to entice more PC users than today's Power PC, and the iPod effect could still be a factor.

But to continue this kind of growth, Apple's Leopard will need to be a compelling alternative to Vista.

It would not be difficult for Apple to add some of Vista's user interface features, such as thumbnails in document and folder icons.

Apple will need a further move away from the desktop and folder metaphor with further development of Spotlight and possibly new file management techniques.

Increased use of RSS and Internet access within the OS would be helpful.

Leopard will also need to continue Mac OS X's trend of increasingly better compatibility with Windows networks.

Users can expect continued development in Apple's strengths, consumer accessible music, image management and video editing.

New multimedia features in iPod would also be a welcome addition.

Title: Re: Apple's Tiger vs. Windows Vista
Post by: Ãmílᶮã$ãd¶Ç§ on October 31, 2005, 09:17:48 PM
:) here some Detailed info abt windows vista's new shell  "AERO" 

What is AERO?
A facelift for XP's Luna desktop
Code name for the Vista Shell
Extra visual clues and more data about an Icon
New glass, or translucent effect for Vista's menus and desktop
More intuitive toolbars and navigation
Sharper and faster movie action
High resolution graphics
Cleverer graphics engine from Windows Presentation Foundation
AERO is a fantastic new 'Theme' for Vista

Vista and AERO Integration
As you can see from the above list, Vista's AERO is not one feature but a package.  Integration is a much over-hyped word, but in the case of Vista in general and AERO in particular, integration is the key word.  Each feature is only average on it's own, but the whole package makes Vista a fun and productive operating system.

Where do you see Vista's AERO?
In XP, the desktop was called 'Luna', in Vista, the equivalent new desktop, shell and GUI is called AERO.  However, AERO is more than a shop window for the operating system's shell, in fact AERO defines, creates and expresses the whole user experience.  Perhaps you have flirted with XP's themes?  For example, you have tested the Aquaria, Earth views, or even tried the humble Wheat or Teal.  Superficially AERO is an extension of such Themes.  However, the extra dimension that AERO brings is a glass, translucent, see-though effect.  If you take the redesigned Recycle bin as an example, when you delete a file you can see how the AERO graphics produce now show screwed up paper balls in the bin.  Moreover, the bin is like a chameleon as it subtly changes its color as you alter the background.

AERO's hidden message is that working with Vista will be fun, at the very least the new graphics entice me investigate what a menus has to offer.  To see what I mean, why not check out the new Windows Explorer.... see here.
Title: Re: Apple's Tiger vs. Windows Vista
Post by: Sachitha on November 01, 2005, 10:50:30 AM
Thx 4 Info
Title: Re: Apple's Tiger vs. Windows Vista
Post by: Randi on November 01, 2005, 12:43:50 PM
Great info. guys thanks  :)